Archive for January, 2014

At recent meetings, these were the most urgent questions being asked by producers and industry. The following answers are from an information bulletin issued by OMAF and MRA and Ontario Pork:

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) is a viral disease that has recently emerged in the USA. It causes vomiting and diarrhea in all ages of pigs and a high death rate in nursing pigs. The clinical signs are similar to those of TGE. PED can be transmitted by anything contaminated by manure, therefore biosecurity is crucial to prevent disease introduction and spread within Ontario.

To protect your own herd, and other swine herds in Ontario, producers should ensure that all trucks and trailers as well as the driver’s clothing and boots, have been washed, disinfected and dried before coming onto your property. Turn away dirty vehicles.

If you see watery diarrhea or vomiting in any age of pig:

• Contact your veterinarian immediately.

• Submit samples to a diagnostic laboratory to determine the cause of the clinical signs.

• If pigs must be transported before a diagnosis is confirmed, work with your veterinarian, suppliers and transporters to minimize the risk of spreading the infection to other herds.

• If a diagnostic laboratory identifies that a new disease such as PED has entered your herd, notify all farm contacts, including feed suppliers, genetic suppliers, deadstock providers, etc., that your farm may be a risk to other farms. This will allow your industry partners to minimize the risk that the infection will spread to other farms.

PED Virus Diagnosis:

At least 10 ml. of feces or intestinal contents on ice from acutely-affected pigs within the first 24 hours of the onset of diarrhea tested by PCR is sufficient to confirm a diagnosis of PED virus. However, a complete diagnostic workup is often warranted.

For updates, advisories, and PED resources, visit www.ontario.ca/swine, now with a link to updated PED related resources

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From a January 28, 2014 News Release

The governments of Canada and Ontario are helping the pork industry step up measures to contain the spread of the porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) virus.

Ontario is providing $2 million to help Ontario Pork support industry-wide investments to improve biosecurity measures at critical points across the province, such as assembly yards and truck washing stations. Biosecurity remains the best tool to protect swine herds.

The governments of Canada and Ontario have also created a special PED biosecurity program under Growing Forward 2 to help producers, abattoirs, truckers, assembly facilities, and rendering service providers in the pork industry invest in additional biosecurity measures to limit the spread of PED. This initiative is in addition to the existing Growing Forward 2 funding assistance program. Ontario will administer the fund, and applications will be accepted until March 13, 2014.

Investing in enhanced biosecurity measures is part of the federal and provincial governments’ actions to foster a strong agricultural sector.

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From a January 27, 2014 News Release 2:00 pm.

Ontario has confirmed a second case of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) and a third is under investigation. Both are in the Chatham-Kent region.

Read More

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The following is a message from Ontario Pork:

Ontario Pork Daily News Brief – Monday, January 27, 2014
** Please note that the time for the Ontario Pork Telephone Town Hall for tomorrow has changed.  Below are the updated details. 

Telephone Town Hall
Ontario Pork is hosting a Telephone Town Hall on Tuesday, January 28th between 3:00 and 4:00PM EST for the pork industry. We will be automatically dialing out to our provincial producers and others who have registered for the event and have provided us with their phone numbers. This call will provide a status update on the current PED situation and actions being taken by the Ontario pork industry. *(Please note only direct or mobile phone numbers will be accepted).

*If you are a pork producer, or have registered you should receive a pre-call invitation today (Monday, January 27) at approximately 2:00 p.m.  If you do not receive an invitation call, but are interested to join the Telephone Town Hall tomorrow, please register, using the link below.   If you experience any difficulties, or wish to dial in, please use the following phone number 877-229-8493, followed by the pin #: 111309 to be connected to the live call.

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From an OMAF/MRA Biosecurity Update following PEDv detected in an Ontario pig herd.

Now more than ever, farm-level biosecurity is critical.

Industry Advisory from Animal Health and Welfare Branch, OMAF and MRA 24 January 2014

Disease Alert:  Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus

On January 22, 2014, the Animal Health Lab (AHL) diagnosed Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) in samples from a pig farm in Middlesex County.  This is the first confirmed case of PED in Canada.  PED has been spreading throughout the US since April 2013 and has had a significant economic impact on their pork industry.  The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food (OMAF) is working closely with industry, veterinarians and other service providers to manage this case. However, given the virulent nature of the virus, additional cases can be expected.  Biosecurity remains the best prevention.  Producers and service/supply businesses must continue to be diligent and vigilant in order to limit the impact of PED in Ontario, and follow strict biosecurity procedures at all times, including:


  • Utilize dedicated trailers for US shipments. Thoroughly wash and disinfect trailers returning from the United States.
  • Wash and disinfect all trucks between farms whenever possible.
  • Follow the OSHAB Load/Unload Protocol and use the recommended biosecurity tote and boot wash kit.


  • Ensure all incoming pigs are from a PED negative farm.
  • Follow and enforce proper entry protocols. Dedicated barn boots and coveralls should be available for all staff and visitors. Use a Danish Entry System that allows for unidirectional flow of staff and visitors entering the barn. A hand wash or hand sanitizer should be available upon entry.
  • If using deadstock pickup, ensure carcasses are picked up off-site. Wash and disinfect equipment used to transfer carcasses from barn to deadstock bin.
  • Ensure transporters are following your farm’s recommendations for trailer sanitation. A washed and disinfected trailer will reduce the risk of disease transmission to your farm. Communicate biosecurity protocols to service providers.
  • Refer to the National Swine Farm-level Biosecurity Standard and discuss your biosecurity plan with your veterinarian.
  • Monitor your herd for clinical signs of disease, particularly vomiting and diarrhea. Call your veterinarian immediately with any concerns.


  • Review your clients’ biosecurity procedures and risks.
  • Encourage diagnostic testing for any suspect cases.  The AHL recommends sending fecal swabs in viral transport medium rather than transporting whole pigs directly to the lab. Rectal or stab swabs of the colon will provide sufficient material to diagnose the virus. PED-suspect testing at the Animal Health Laboratory will be conducted free of charge. Please contact the AHL for complete instructions before submitting samples.
  • Under the Animal Health Act, veterinarians are required to immediately report any significant herd health changes to OMAF.

PED has become established in the United States and continues to spread.  The threat of PED to Ontario and other provinces is ongoing.  These biosecurity procedures need to become routine business practices.

For further information please contact the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food at 1-877-424-1300, or Ontario Pork at 1-877-ONT-PORK.

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From a news release January 23, 2014 5pm

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Investigation 

Province Taking Steps to Protect Pork Industry

“Ontario is conducting an investigation on a hog farm in Middlesex County after a suspected finding of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) virus.”

Read more:



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The Ontario agricultural industry is encouraged to apply to the AMI’s Business Management Speaker and Event Funding.  Any registered organization, agency, association, community group, institution, university, college, group located in Ontario may apply for a maximum of $5,000 to cover the costs associated with organizing or bringing a business management speaker to an Ontario event.  This funding is open to agrifood and agriproducts businesses including a focus on farm businesses.

Event Objectives:
In order to be considered for the Business Management Event and Speaker funding, the event should be geared towards the Ontario agricultural industry and must contribute to one or more of the following objectives:

•Demonstrate the benefits of business management and planning: marketing, business plan creation and improvement, cost of production;
•Address business management gaps and opportunities using business advisors: multidisciplinary training, interpersonal development, awareness and utilisation of advisors;
•Foster the development of producers working cooperatively, sharing beneficial business management practices and innovations through business to business collaboration in the context of building value chains: business to business group development, business clubs or advisory groups, benchmarking, food and agriproduct chain collaboration and innovation;
•Encourage business operators to begin or continue to develop a succession plan for their business: farm or business transfers, relationship building, advisor utilisation;
•Support the use and/or development of applicable business management information, products, services, resources or training for new entrants that enhance decisions making and farm profitability: tools for starting a business, programs and training.
•Develop skills and tools to better manage a team through human resource management: leading business improvement, time management, employee management resources

Agricultural Management Institute
200-120 Research Lane
Guelph, Ontario
N1G 0B4
Phone: 519-822-6618
Fax: 519-821-7361


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