Archive for February, 2014

The installation of feed blower pipes is one of the eligible expenses under the Facility Flow Management section of the GF2 PED Special Intake.  Purchasing and installing equipment that reduces the risk of cross contamination with visitors and service providers (e.g. feed blower pipes) can help to limit the spread of PED. A full list of eligible projects can be found in the Program Guideline and Application.

The GF2 Special Intake closes on March 31st. Funding is based on eligibility requirements – it is not first come, first served.

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Information is taken from an Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry Advisory dated February 25, 2014.

Information is based on current monitoring for PED virus and PED in Ontario:

•    The best surveillance data comes from the major processors.  Their help is greatly appreciated. This system is the result of work by OMAF, private veterinarians and our packers that market about 85% of Ontario hogs each week.  To date only 5% of the 721 trailers tested have been positive for PED virus, although positives continue to be detected on a regular basis.  All Ontario trailers monitored that delivered market hogs to Quebec have been negative.  Positive trailer results could occur as a result of cross-contamination, hogs from already known positive farms, and other unconfirmed farms with mild PED infections. So far, tracebacks on these positive trailers have not uncovered any new serious PED virus infections on farms. This indicates the virus is still circulating, but at a low level, in Ontario at this time.

•    PED is an emerging disease that veterinarians must report to OMAF under the Animal Health Act.  To date the rate of new cases remains very low.  This is different from what was observed in the USA.  OMAF and private veterinarians, Ontario Pork and many individuals in the swine sector are working hard to keep it that way.

•    Working with their veterinarians, the original case farms continue to successfully manage this serious disease.  Some farms are again farrowing healthy piglets.

•    The outbreak data continue to appear to implicate two significant factors:  (1) breaks in farm biosecurity and (2) exposure to some feed ingredients of swine origin.  It is important to consult your feed company and your veterinarian to minimize any impact from BOTH of these potential risk factors on your farm.

What we have learned and observed thus far indicates there is every hope we can keep the impact from PED at a low level in Ontario with continued vigilance and strict biosecurity, particularly at the farm gate.  And there continues to be supports from OMAF and Ontario Pork to help producers and the rest of the swine sector manage the PED risk and maintain a strong and thriving industry.

For further information please contact the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food at 1-877-424-1300, or Ontario Pork at 1-877-ONT-PORK.
Resources on PED prevention and management are available from OMAF at www.ontario.ca/swine.

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If you suspect your pigs have Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea contact your veterinarian immediately. Sampling of  piglets with diarrhea and vomiting requires only fecal sampling, not whole pigs sent to the lab.
•    Transporting live or dead scouring piglets from farm to lab increases the risk of spreading PEDV.
•    The chain of infection needs to be broken – prevent transmission of the virus on vehicles, clothing, boots, etc. – only submit swabs.
•    Fecal samples are best acquired by rectal swabs from acutely affected untreated piglets, placed immediately in virus transport medium (VTM).
•    Please contact the lab if you require VTM.
•    Rectal swabs could also be taken from dead pigs, without a need for a field postmortem.
•    Refrigeration of samples in VTM is recommended, with shipping overnight to the Animal Health Lab (AHL) by courier.
•    PCR testing at the AHL will distinguish among the three major porcine coronaviruses in Ontario -PEDV, TGEV, and PRCV.
•    Delivery to the lab should be via courier, or with non-contaminated vehicles that have not been on a swine farm, in order to prevent cross-contaminating other submitters at the AHL.
Full details can be found in Animal Health Lab Note Update on PEDV testing at the AHL

PED information and resources can be found at www.ontario.ca/swine.

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The federal and provincial governments created a PED Biosecurity Special Intake under Growing Forward 2 (GF2) specifically for businesses in, and related to, the swine industry to address biosecurity challenges related to PED.  The program is available for producers, truckers, abattoirs, assembly yards, and rendering service providers to enhance their biosecurity investments.  Funding is based on eligibility requirements – it is not first come, first served.

This funding is in addition to $2 million given to Ontario Pork to support industry-wide enhancements.

Applications for the GF2 intake must be received by March 13, 2014. Growing Forward 2 PED Intake  program guidelines and applications. For PED resources and updates please go to: www.ontario.ca/swine and follow the links.

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Producers with PED infected deadstock should work with their deadstock collector to minimize the risks of transmission, or consider on-farm mortality disposal alternatives. The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food infosheet On-Farm PED Deadstock Disposal in Cold Weather provides some key principles that producers should consider for PED deadstock disposal during cold weather.

Resources on PED prevention and management are available from OMAF at www.ontario.ca/swine

Growing Forward 2 PED Special Intake Fund

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The complete proceedings of the 33rd Centralia Swine Research Update, held January 29th, are now available online at www.centraliaswineresearch.ca. Besides the presented topics, the proceedings contain more than twenty written contributions.

The meeting was well-attended and generated many favourable comments on everything from the great presentations to the pie.

Centralia 2014 logo small The Centralia Swine Research Update was initiated in 1982 by staff at Centralia College to bring researchers and their work together with participants in the pork industry. The event continues to be planned and executed by a committee of industry partners, with support from staff at OMAF and MRA. Its success over the past three decades is due to the quality and timeliness of the program, and the participation of local researchers and experts, as well as experts brought in from other areas.

This year’s program was a great example of this, with Dr. Yolande Seddon from the Prairie Swine Centre in Saskatchewan visiting to speak on ‘Sow Lameness, Being Aware and Taking Action’ and ‘Considerations for Providing Quality Space to Loose Housed Sows’.  Dr. Kees de Lange from the University of Guelph talked about ‘Entire Males for Commercial Pork Production’.  Frank Wood from Conestoga Meat Packers addressed hernias from a packers’ perspective. To round out the program, researchers and graduate students covered in-transit losses, antimicrobial resistance, rodenticide ingestion, genetic resistance to disease, benchmarking Ontario farms, anorexic piglets, and the impact of nursery diets on piglet immune response. Finally, Dr. Mike DeGroot from Ontario Pork gave an update on the evolving PED situation.

For advisory notices, and for regularly updated links to information and resources for the industry related to PED, visit Ontario.ca/swine.

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January 2014 Swine Budgets now available. The monthly Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food and Ministry of Rural Affairs Swine Budget provides a guide and format to estimate the cost of production for a swine enterprise.

Monthly Swine Budget Page

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As the weather turns colder next week, producers are reminded that proper truck disinfection is very important to prevent the spread of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea. Whether you are trucking your own pigs or trucking for someone else, it is vital that you follow proper disinfection procedures.  Follow the instructions in Cold Weather Trailer Disinfection Procedure and related transportation information by Ontario Pork Industry Council.

Construction of hard surface (e.g. concrete) pad or a wash bay/facility for cleaning and disinfecting vehicles and equipment within the Controlled Access Zone or at a Controlled Access Point is an eligible activity under the Growing Forward 2 PED Special Intake Fund.  Click here for full details Application Guide Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) Biosecurity Special Intake.


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The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food strongly encourages processors to consider the following best management practices that will go a long way to make sure plants are not a source of PED contamination for Ontario swine farms.

Eliminate cross-traffic in the yard, on the ramp and within the plant.
•    Drivers should be restricted to the truck and unloading area. Only drivers should go into the back of the trailer or truck to direct animals toward the chute.
•    Drivers should not enter the barns or plant.
•    Properly trained plant staff should be present for all deliveries of animals (no unattended deliveries).
•    Ensure plant staff do not walk where the delivery drivers have walked.
•    Have footwear that is only worn inside the plant.
•     If plant staff must go outside, they should wear different footwear outside and follow proper cleaning and sanitizing procedures when returning to the plant, including changing their footwear.
•     Staff should wash hands between the barn and the plant and change outer clothing and footwear.
•     Place barriers, change clothes and boots, and wash hands between dirty and clean areas within the plant.

Increase your efforts to keep the chute and unloading area clean.

•    Wash and disinfect the chute between each load of pigs.
•    Understand and use approved and effective disinfectants; follow directions and contact time

Quick Start PED Control for Provincial Meat Processors provides more details and additional measures for added protection.

Updates and technical information on PED can be found at Ontario.ca/swine

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On-farm testing for PED continues. Updates on results can be found at Ontario.ca/swine.

Sampling has also been ongoing at assembly yards, trucking yards and processing plants since January 25. Where positive samples are found, cleaning and disinfection is heightened. All parts of the supply chain are encouraged to maintain strict biosecurity to limit the virus’ spread. Cleaning and disinfection information can be found at Ontario.ca/swine.

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