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Posts Tagged ‘economics’

The income shown for the market pig in the recently posted October 2014 OMAFRA Swine budget was $244.45, up over $52.00 from the October 2013 Swine Budget. The difference was realized through an increased market pig base price (up $40/ckg, 100 index) and a heavier dressed carcass weight (up 3.54 kg). The increased market hog income along with a decreased farrow to finish feed cost (down $7.83 per market pig) led to a net return improvement of over $60 per market hog from October 2013. For more information see the 2014 October Monthly Swine Budget on the OMAFRA website:

http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/swine/facts/info-b-oct2014.pdf

You can subscribe to receive the monthly budgets (and the bimonthly Pork News and Views newsletter) by email here:

http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/subscribe/index.html

 

 

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From a release:

The annual Shakespeare Swine Seminar for producers and allied industry personnel will be held at the Shakespeare Community Centre tomorrow, Wednesday, September 24th in Shakespeare. Sponsored by Ontario Pork, the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, and Ontario Swine Improvement, this year’s seminar focuses on topics of current and practical interest to swine producers.

Dr. Darwin Reicks from the Swine Veterinary Center in St. Peter, Minnesota will discuss methods to ensure maximum litter size and reproductive performance when using artificial insemination. Dr. Mark Rix from Swine Management Systems in Fremont, Nebraska will discuss on-farm factors associated with weaning 30 pigs per sow per year as well as providing production comparisons between farms with sows in gestation stalls and farms using group sow housing. Dr. Tim McAllister from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada will discuss the future of antibiotic use in livestock production and how to ensure antibiotics are used appropriately to ensure long term effectiveness. A panel on successful control and elimination of PED will discuss various approaches being used on Ontario farms at present to manage the disease. Additional speakers will address specific techniques to decrease pre-weaning mortality.

Registration begins at 9:30 a.m. with presentations starting at 10 a.m. A hot lunch is provided and the meeting concludes at 3 p.m. The cost is $30 if pre-registered and $25 for additional people from the same farm. Registration is $40 at the door. To register please call the Agricultural Information Contact Centre at 877- 424 -1300 or email ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca.

The Shakespeare Swine Seminar is always well received by producers, with lots of practical information and plenty of discussion. Please take note that it is tomorrow, Wednesday the 24th, in Shakespeare. I’ll see you there.

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The following is from an Ontario Swine Health Advisory Board (OPIC) update:

OSHAB PED ARC&E Update

OSHAB has included PED (Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea) in the ARC&E (Area Regional Control and Elimination) format and has been working actively to initiate this program. Support for this program includes funding provided by Ontario Pork to advance on-farm actions in the control and elimination of PED and funding provided through Growing Forward 2 (GF2), a federal-provincial-territorial initiative. The Agricultural Adaptation Council assists in the delivery of GF2 in Ontario.

The PED ARC&E will enroll and map sites across all of Ontario with all PED positive sites encouraged to enroll. Diagnostic costs and some support for veterinary costs associated with monitoring, control and elimination at these sites will be supported by this program. The program will communicate about the status of these sites and information learned about control and elimination strategies. The goals of the PED ARC&E are: To contain and reduce the prevalence of PEDV from pig farms in Ontario.
Actions will include:
– Investigate current and new cases
– Request participation of these producers in the ARC&E program
– Identify and solve primary biosecurity gaps
– Develop a farm or system specific containment plan
– Develop a farm or system specific elimination plan
– Communicate with producers and the industry
To date, over 60 sites diagnosed as PEDV positive, or related by pig flow have enrolled in the PED ARC&E and efforts continue to enroll remaining sites. An OSHAB PED ARCE workgroup has been struck. All veterinarians who work with PED positive sites in Ontario are invited to participate in this workgroup.

OSHAB PED ARC&E Update

To date, this group has:
– Reviewed sites enrolled and initiated data collection and mapping of the PED positive sites across Ontario
– Developed methods to track the progress of farrowing sites in return to production (for example analysis of pigs weaned per week to assess return to production)
– Developed sampling criteria to assess the status of sites as they work towards elimination
– Developed 3 research proposals submitted under the Ontario Pork call for proposals for Applied On-Farm Research Proposals related to Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus and Porcine Delta coronavirus. These proposals were related to development of control and elimination strategies for farrowing sites with growing pigs, development of strategies to enhance PEDV containment in positive growing pigs and assessment of the duration of PEDV antibodies in sows and growing pigs post-infection.

What do we know about the control and elimination of PED to date?
Work to understand PED control and elimination has been underway in the U.S. and the knowledge base in Canada is growing.

Ontario Progress

To date, we have had:
– two successful PED elimination in all in all out nurseries with subsequent fill remaining PED negative following barn clean and disinfect
– one successful PED elimination in an all in all out finisher with subsequent fill remaining PED negative following barn clean and disinfect
– one successful Delta coronavirus elimination in a sow herd based on a herd depopulation
– one successful sow site PED elimination, also based on a herd depopulation
– a number of nursery and finisher sites working on PED elimination over the next two to three months

Information from the United States

The following information has been summarized from the American Association of Swine Veterinarians 2014 proceedings (Morrison, Goed and Connor)
– PEDV is highly infective with a 10-8 dilution of mucosal scrapings able to cause infection – this means approximately 1 pencil eraser of diarrhea diluted in 130 cubic yards can still cause infection, making fecal-oral the principle route of infection. As well, infective PEDV has been found in fecal slurry after >14 days at room temperature.
Message: stringent clean and disinfect protocols are essential
– Analysis of number pigs weaned per week suggests it takes 6 weeks on average to return to normal production at farrowing sites
– The majority of protection to piglets is expected to come for colostrum IgA antibodies; this is a passive immunity and will quickly reduce after weaning. These antibodies do not protect against infection with PEDV.
– Proximity to an infected site and size of herd may be factors that impact the risk of PEDV infection.
– Control of PEDV is not the same as elimination of PEDV and not eliminating the virus can result in the risk of repeated outbreaks of clinical disease.
– PEDV elimination at sow sites should be done in consultation with your veterinarian. Consideration of other disease issues in the herd is essential before initiating an elimination program.
– Work to date suggests the following actions are required to eliminate PEDV at sow sites:
o loading with replacement animals
o herd closure for a minimum of 3 months (and perhaps as long as 5 months)
o infection of the entire herd through feedback procedures
o strict all in all out and uni-directional flow of pigs and people
o strict sanitation and McRebel protocols
o do not introduce negative replacement animals until the flow is verified negative (testing and sentinels)
– Evidence suggests PEDV is more highly transmissible than PRRS, has a higher stability in the environment and shows lower levels of sow immunity. However, duration of clinical signs is dramatically shorter.

Updates and biosecurity tips will be issued regularly as we gain knowledge and experience in the control and elimination of PED in Ontario.

OSHAB ARC&E web page: opic.on.ca/biosecurity-resources/prrs-arc-e

 

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The following is from an OSCIA media release:

Ontario pork producers and related businesses are better protecting pigs with more than 1,000 projects and $8.8 million from a special biosecurity program aimed at reducing the spread of the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) virus.

Producers are tackling more than 85 per cent of the projects, which include building or improving wash stalls, buying pressure washers for the barn, and/or buying heaters for the water in existing pressure washers.

Other farm projects include:
• Building or improving Danish entry systems (which have distinctly ‘clean’ and ‘dirty’ sides to maintain sanitary conditions inside the pig barn).
• Constructing separate driveways for incoming and outgoing vehicles.
• Improving deadstock-handling systems, including pouring concrete pads for composting.

Transporters, assembly yard owners and abattoir operators are also participating, with projects aimed at better cleaning and disinfection of trucks, and upgrading biosecurity systems at loading docks.

The special program is funded by the governments of Canada and Ontario through Growing Forward 2, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative. It is being delivered by the Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association (OSCIA).

“The pork industry’s tremendous response shows how seriously everyone is taking this disease, as well as their commitment to protecting themselves and the entire sector,” said Allan Mol, President of the OSCIA. “Best of all, the biosecurity measures taken under this program will protect against any disease, so its effects will be felt for years to come.”

Some participants are working on more than one project. Several are investing substantially more money in improving their biosecurity systems than was available through the program’s cost-share formula.

“The number of applications was impressive, especially given the tight timelines,” said OSCIA program manager John Laidlaw. “We had dedicated displays at many meetings and shows. Ontario Pork was also very helpful in providing information to their members and worked especially hard at getting transporters qualified to get in on the program.”

As of April 14, 2014, there were more than 50 confirmed cases of the PED virus in Ontario, since it was first identified on January 22, 2014. Industry and provincial government officials continue to encourage farmers and others to be vigilant and to maintain high biosecurity standards. Research is ongoing into possible sources for the disease (e.g. feed) and methods for boosting the swine herd’s immunity to the virus.

The PED virus is not a risk to human health or food safety. It is, however, a serious disease in swine production, which can cause 100 per cent mortality in piglets.

See the full release:

www.ontariosoilcrop.org/docs/ped_wrap-up_media_release.pdf

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An Advisory from OMAF/MRA:

Industry Advisory

Animal Health and Welfare Branch

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food and Ministry of Rural Affairs


Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus

To date, the rate of PEDv infection continues to decline.  Currently, similar proportions of infections are being reported in finisher and farrow to finish/nursery operations. These infections may be the result of PEDv contaminated vehicles entering the premises, breaches in on-farm biosecurity and previously-infected younger animals moving through the production system. While it is suspected that PEDv initially entered Ontario in feed ingredients, the virus continues to circulate and remains an ongoing risk to the Ontario pork industry. The cooperation of all levels of industry and government has been essential in minimising the impacts of PED to the Ontario pork industry.   Vigilance and strong biosecurity at the farm level, diligent cleaning and disinfection by transporters, renderers, processors and other service providers will be imperative to reduce the viral load and prevent further dissemination of PEDv within Ontario and neighbouring provinces.

OMAF-funded research will soon begin at the Ontario Veterinary College to learn more from the PED outbreak experience.

PED has become established in the United States, and other pathogens like Delta coronavirus present new threats.  The efforts made to prevent the spread of PED must continue as regular business practices as the industry manages these risks and moves forward. Growing Forward 2 and OMAF funding to Ontario Pork will continue to strengthen efforts in the areas of greatest risk and provide the necessary infrastructure and education to help meet these challenges.  Federal officials continue to work with the USDA to reduce the risk of contaminated feed stuffs entering Canada.

PED is considered an emerging significant disease in Ontario, and veterinarians are still required to report suspect cases to OMAF under the Animal Health Act. OMAF will continue to cover the cost of diagnostic testing of clinical suspects at the Animal Health Laboratory until further notice, and will continue to offer support to veterinarians and their clients in the management of PED cases.  Testing of non-clinical or environmental samples will not be covered by OMAF.  Producers are encouraged to work with their veterinarian to prevent PEDv infections or to contain or eliminate the virus from infected farms.

For further information please contact the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food at 1-877-424-1300, or Ontario Pork at 1-877-ONT-PORK.
Resources on PED prevention and management are available from OMAF at www.ontario.ca/swine.

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A release from the London Swine Conference yesterday www.londonswineconference.ca.

Note the Registration deadline is March 14th. Contact 519-873-4077 or debra.allison@ontario.ca

For Immediate Release…

  “14th London Swine Conference (LSC) moves to Hilton”

 London ON, March 4, 2014 – The theme is “Positioning for Success” as the pork industry prepares to gather in London for the fourteenth annual LSC.  These two full days of presentations and workshops have moved to the Hilton London for Wednesday and Thursday, March 26 & 27, 2014.  Speakers will cover topics ranging from practical on-farm decision making and management to the impacts of international trade on pork production.

 “I am excited about the timely topics with something for everyone” says conference Chair Teresa Van Raay.  The program will once again be targeted for sow herds on Wednesday, and wean to finish on Thursday.  “With speakers from across the continent and a new venue I am looking forward to seeing everyone at this premier swine industry conference.”

Wednesday’s Sow-focused agenda will include ‘Lessons Learned from PEDv’, along with experts in the areas of group sow housing, nutrition and lactation, and Ontario’s position in the global marketplace.  At the farm level, workshops will consider piglet and milk management, reproductive troubleshooting, feeding the sow, and practical aspects of  group sow housing.

On Thursday, the focus is on Wean to Finish.  Topics such as real factors that affect profitability, the importance of international trade to Ontario production, and national health status monitoring will be covered.  Farm level workshops will include managing pile-ups, benchmarking and measuring profitability on-farm, spotting problems early, higher fiber diets, and improving feed efficiency.

As always, the LSC program will include leading researchers, industry experts and pork producers.  This unique mix of perspectives provides new insights and can lead to lively workshop discussions.  Presenters this year will include:  Steve Pollmann, Murphy Brown West; Doug MacDougald, South West Ontario Veterinary Services; Chris Byra, Canadian Swine Health Intelligence Network; Ron Bates, Michigan State University; Laurie Connor, University of Manitoba; Chantal Farmer, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Ruurd Zijlstra, University of Alberta; Kevin Grier, George Morris Centre; Graeme McDermid, Cronin Pork Ltd.; Kathleen Sullivan, Trade Consultant.

For a listing of all conference speakers and the full program visit:  www.londonswineconference.ca

Conference fees are $135 per day which includes one copy of the proceedings, a reception on Wednesday, lunch and all coffee breaks.  Discounts are available for groups of five or more who register and submit one payment.  Registration deadline is March 14, 2014.  Please note that there is no registration at the door.

The London Swine Conference is a joint effort by staff from Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food and Ministry of Rural Affairs (OMAF and MRA), Ontario Pork, University of Guelph, Ontario Pork Industry Council, and is made possible through strong industry sponsorship.

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 For more information:

Debra Allison, Registration Coordinator, OMAF and MRA, (519) 873-4077, Debra.Allison@ontario.ca, www.londonswineconference.ca

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The complete proceedings of the 33rd Centralia Swine Research Update, held January 29th, are now available online at www.centraliaswineresearch.ca. Besides the presented topics, the proceedings contain more than twenty written contributions.

The meeting was well-attended and generated many favourable comments on everything from the great presentations to the pie.

Centralia 2014 logo small The Centralia Swine Research Update was initiated in 1982 by staff at Centralia College to bring researchers and their work together with participants in the pork industry. The event continues to be planned and executed by a committee of industry partners, with support from staff at OMAF and MRA. Its success over the past three decades is due to the quality and timeliness of the program, and the participation of local researchers and experts, as well as experts brought in from other areas.

This year’s program was a great example of this, with Dr. Yolande Seddon from the Prairie Swine Centre in Saskatchewan visiting to speak on ‘Sow Lameness, Being Aware and Taking Action’ and ‘Considerations for Providing Quality Space to Loose Housed Sows’.  Dr. Kees de Lange from the University of Guelph talked about ‘Entire Males for Commercial Pork Production’.  Frank Wood from Conestoga Meat Packers addressed hernias from a packers’ perspective. To round out the program, researchers and graduate students covered in-transit losses, antimicrobial resistance, rodenticide ingestion, genetic resistance to disease, benchmarking Ontario farms, anorexic piglets, and the impact of nursery diets on piglet immune response. Finally, Dr. Mike DeGroot from Ontario Pork gave an update on the evolving PED situation.

For advisory notices, and for regularly updated links to information and resources for the industry related to PED, visit Ontario.ca/swine.

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