Posts Tagged ‘Ontario’

If you would like to have input into the program of the 2015 LSC, please read on:

June 9th      10 am  OMAF Resource Center Woodstock

Producers, sponsors and industry stakeholders, please bring your list of topics and speakers for the 2015 London Swine Conference.

A planning meeting will take place on Monday June 9thfrom 10 am to noon at the OMAF Resource Center Woodstock (401 Lakeview Drive).

All are invited so please plan to attend and help shape next year’s 2015 London Swine Conference.

If you cannot attend please send your ideas to jaydee.smith@ontario.ca

For more information: visit www.LondonSwineConference.ca

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The following advisory was posted March 18th by Animal Health and Welfare Branch, OMAF/MRA:

As of March 14, 2014, the Animal Health Laboratory (AHL) has diagnosed Swine DeltaCoronavirus (SDCV) in samples from six Ontario pig farms. This pathogen was detected as a result of follow up testing on farms with clinical signs of vomiting and diarrhea, but that tested negative for Transmissible Gastroenteritis (TGE) virus and Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) virus. Samples of porcine plasma have also tested positive for SDCV at AHL and Iowa State University. The samples submitted were from the same batch that tested positive for PEDV in February 2014.

These are the first confirmed cases of SDCV in Canada.

SDCV was initially detected in pigs in Hong Kong in 2012. In February 2014, the United States Department of Agriculture along with the Ohio Department of Agriculture issued a press release indicating that SDCV had been detected in swine manure at four farms in Ohio. These farms had pigs exhibiting clinical signs similar to PED, and three of the four farms had tested positive for PED as well as SDCV.

In light of the US findings, AHL developed a PCR test for SDCV, and began testing for the virus in samples from farms that had clinical signs in pigs, yet tested negative for PEDV and TGEV. SDCV testing is currently available free of charge in Ontario for symptomatic herds.
SDCV infection is clinically similar to, but distinct from, PED and TGE. It causes diarrhea and vomiting in all age groups and mortality in nursing pigs. Mortality rates appear to be lower than in cases of PED.
SDCV is not a risk to human health or to other animals, nor is it a food safety risk.
With technological advances, new types of viruses are detected on a regular basis. There are numerous coronaviruses that can cause infections in humans, other mammals and birds, so it is not surprising to find an additional one in swine.
SDCV can be prevented and managed in the same way as PED:
• ensuring vigilance and strong biosecurity at the farm level,
• diligent cleaning and disinfection by transporters, renderers, processors and other service providers
• developing herd immunity to reduce clinical signs

To protect Ontario’s swine herd, it is critical that all those in the industry – producers, transporters, suppliers – continue to work together to maintain increased vigilance with biosecurity measures. Contact your veterinarian immediately if animals show any signs of illness, or if you require assistance in developing biosecurity strategies.

Under Ontario’s Animal Health Act, 2009, veterinarians are required to immediately report any findings that identify a serious risk to animal health, such as SDCV.

For further information please contact the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food at-1-877-424-1300 or Ontario Pork at 1-877-ONT-PORK.

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After understanding what to do if they might have the disease, producers ask “What will happen if I get it in my sow barn?” This answer comes from the OPIC PED resources website:

PED virus has very high mortality – approaching 100% – in suckling piglets. Herd immunity will mitigate losses starting about three weeks after herd infection. Thus, it is likely that 3-5 weeks of production will be lost in continuous farrowing operations, whereas batch farrowing operation losses can range from a few to as much as 100%.

Why is there a difference in mortality and impact between sucking piglets and weaned piglets?

Suckling piglets have greater risk for severe disease for several very important reasons:

1. More susceptible cells – The villi of the small intestine of neonates are very long with many more enterocytes available to be infected by virus.

2. Heal slower – The regeneration time for new epithelial cells (enterocytes) produced in the crypts is longer in neonates than in older pigs.

3. Immature homeostasis – The colon of neonates is functionally immature and less able to compensate for acid-base and electrolyte imbalances or to resorb water.

4. Osmotic pressures from undigested milk – Damage to epithelium reduces enzyme activity and disrupts digestion of milk, which increases the osmotic pressures within the intestine, effectively sucking water out of the piglet’s body and into the intestine and feces.

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An updated program for the 33rd Centralia Swine Research Update (Kirkton ON, January 29) has been posted at http://www.centraliaswineresearch.ca.

The Centralia Swine Research Update was initiated in 1982 by staff at Centralia College to bring researchers and their work together with participants in the pork industry. The event continues to be planned and executed by a committee of industry partners, with support from staff at OMAF and MRA. It’s success over the past three decades is due to the quality and timeliness of the program and the participation of local researchers and experts, as well as experts brought in from other regions.

This year’s program is a great example, with Dr. Yolande Seddon from the Prairie Swine Centre in Saskatchewan visiting to speak on ‘Sow Lameness, Being Aware and Taking Action’ and other topics related to sow management.  Dr. Mike DeGroot, a veterinarian with Ontario Pork, will give us an update on the very important topic of PED (Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea), a disease that’s causing a lot of trouble in the US and which we are working hard to keep out of Canada.  Dr. Kees de Lange from the University of Guelph will talk about ‘Entire Males for Commercial Pork Production’.  Frank Wood from Conestoga Meat Packers will address hernias from a processor’s perspective. To round out the program, researchers and graduate students will cover in-transit losses, antimicrobial resistance, rodenticide ingestion, genetic resistance to disease, benchmarking, anorexic piglets, and the impact of nursery diets on piglet immune response.

Besides summaries of these topics, the proceedings from the meeting will contain many written contributions covering current research and industry issues.

All this and a hot lunch is available for $20 if you’re a producer or a student, or $40 for industry reps.

The registration deadline is January 24th.

To register, email or telephone Carrie Parsons at carrie.parsons@ontario.ca or (519) 271-0119.

Registration and coffee starts at 9:15; the program runs from 9:50am to 3:15pm. Visit the website for the full program, past proceedings, and other information: http://www.centraliaswineresearch.ca.

Hope to see you there.

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The Traceability Foundations Initiative (TFI) Intake 2 will be accepting applications beginning June 1, 2012 until July 24, 2012.

TFI is a three-year joint Federal/Provincial funding program that provides up to 75 per cent cost share funding to sector organizations and value chains to support voluntary, industry-led information sharing networks that will enhance agri-food traceability.  Traceability is an important component of food safety programs. Approved projects may be eligible for up to a maximum of $5 million in funding per project.

Visit the OMAFRA website at www.ontario.ca/traceability and click on “funding” to access the new eligibility assessment tool, application, guidebook, and other helpful resources as well as to register for an upcoming education session.

 If you would like additional guidance in completing an application, please contact the Agricultural Information Contact Centre at tfi.omafra@ontario.ca or by calling 1-877-424-1300.

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